三泰虎

reddit:中国科研成就首次超过美国

China just overtook the U.S. in scientific output for the first time

reddit:中国科研产出首次超过美国

A national report on the state of US science has concluded the United States is still the world leader in science and technology – except by one vital, historic measure.

一份关于美国科学状况的报告称,美国仍是世界科技领袖,有一项重要的历史性指标除外。

For the first time, China has overtaken the US in terms of the volume of total scientific papers published – a telling statistic that underscores the rapid strides in scientific achievement China has made on the world stage in recent decades.

中国科学论文的总量首次超过美国,这一数据体现了中国近几十年来在世界舞台上取得科学成就的快速进展。

In 2016, China published over 426,000 scientific studies indexed by Elsevier's Scopus database – accounting for about 18.6 percent of the international total. For the first time, the US came in second, notching up 409,000 published papers.

2016年中国出版了由爱思唯尔斯高帕斯数据库收录的42.6万份科学研究,约占全球总量18.6%,美国以40.9万份首次屈居第二。

By financial measures, the US still demonstrates impressive leadership, spending the most on research and development (R&D) - US$496 billion, 26 percent share of the global total - and bringing in the most investment to the tune of almost $70 billion.

财务指标方面,美国依旧领先,科研投入最多,高达4960亿美元,占全球总额的26%

But China's not far behind, with its R&D expenditure rapidly swelling by an average of 18 percent annually since 2000 (US was only 4 percent), to where it now commits $408 billion (21 percent of the global total), and scored $34 billion in 2016 in venture capital.

中国紧随其后,自2000年研发支出每年平均增长18%(美国则4%),目前研发支出4080亿美元(约全球总额的21%),2016年的风险投资为340亿美元。

"The actual numbers are breathtaking for the speed with which they've occurred," writes economist Robert J. Samuelson in an opinion piece for The Washington Post.
"China has become – or is on the verge of becoming – a scientific and technical superpower. We should have expected nothing less."

《华盛顿邮报》的经济学家 Robert J. Samuelson在一篇评论文章中称:“实际数据令人叹为观止,速度惊人。中国已经或者说即将成为一个科技超级大国。”

timg.jpg

【reddit网友评论】

译文来源:三泰虎 http://jblasi.com/44143.html

[–]josefpunktk 1841 points 13 hours ago
Can we please not measure science in volume of publications, it's one of the stupidest ways to measure scientific output.

能别用出版物数量衡量科学吗,这样衡量是最蠢的。

 

 

[–]AnonymousUser132 11 points 4 hours ago
Now we just need a way to measure how much IP China steals every year.

现在我们需要一种方法,来衡量中国每年窃取的知识产权有多少。

 

[–]lrrc49 136 points 7 hours ago
Also the quality and reproducibility of the data should matter. I have read Chinese publications and most of them are illogical trash and the data they do present doesn't support the conclusions 50% of the time.
It got so bad and to be such a waste of time on searches that I started checking each potential publication that I might need to read to see if it was Chinese in origin... if it was I didn't bother reading beyond that.

质量也很重要,我读过中国的出版物,大多不符合逻辑,提供的数据一半不支持结论。检阅这样的沦为简直是浪费时间,所以查阅每一份读物时,我都会查是否是中国的,如果是的话我就不看了。

 

 

[–]thunderatwork 48 points 9 hours ago
We all know that Chinese papers aren't as good on average as Western papers, but it's interesting that China is publishing more papers for the first time.

众所周知,中国论文质量不如西方,有趣的是,中国发表的论文却第一名。

 

[–]josefpunktk 99 points 9 hours ago
Crazy idea: science is really hard to measure quantitively, especially fundamental science. Darwin took some crazy amount of time to publish his work - something that would be really hard to do this day.

科学难被量化,尤其是基础科学。达尔文花了大量时间,才让自己的作品发表出来,这在当今很难做到。

 

[–]ShadowLiberal 6 points 6 hours ago
The worst part about measuring by the # of papers published is that a surprisingly large numbers of papers are never read by anyone except the people who review the paper for publication.

这种衡量方式最糟的地方在于,除了审阅论文的人之外,其他人压根就不回去看。

 

[–]Quiderite 8 points 8 hours ago
China has already been in trouble and this has proven an unreliable metric. Fraud Scandals Sap China’s Dream of Becoming a Science Superpower

中国已经陷入麻烦中,这个指标已经被证明是不靠谱的。欺诈丑闻阻碍了中国成为科学超级大国的梦想。

 

首页 > 美国 » reddit:中国科研成就首次超过美国

()
分享到: