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中国和日本,哪个更与世隔绝?

Which country is more isolated from the outside world, China or Japan?

中国和日本,哪个更与世隔绝?

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【美版知乎quora问答】

译文来源:三泰虎 http://jblasi.com/44155.html

David W. Rudlin, Novelist, corporate poo bah, foodaholic, political junkie.
Answered Aug 18
A few years ago I was running both the Japan and China markets for a major multinational.
We had a major new product launch, and scheduled meetings with the fashion press in both countries.
In China the first question the editors asked was “Are we going to do this in English, French or Mandarin?”
In Japan all the meetings were in Japanese.

几年前我为一家大型跨国公司工作,运营中国和日本的市场。我们推出了一款重要的新产品,计划与两国的媒体见面。

中国编辑问的第一个问题是:“我们现在是说法语、英语还是普通话?”

日本的见面会都是说日语。

The Chinese editors talked about their recent trips to Paris, a party held by one of the major luxury brands on the Great Wall, which US colleges their kids had gained admission to.
In Japan they talked about the stagnant local market.
I left thinking that China had lapped Japan in worldliness.

中国编辑们们谈论的是他们近期到巴黎的行程,一场在长城上举办的奢侈品派对,聊的是自己的孩子被美国大学录取了。

在日本,编辑们谈论的是停滞不前的本地市场。

我想在入世方面,中国已经打败了日本。

However, we’re talking about a small group of people in the big cities. People in rural China know nothing about the outside world, and very little about Beijing. There is a gap in Japan as well, but since it’s much smaller geographically — and educational standards are the same nationwide — it’s a much narrower gap than in China.
That said, the average Japanese knows a LOT more about America than the average American knows about Japan. Take away the coasts and America wins Miss Isolation with ease.

然而,我们这里只说到大城市里的一小部分人,中国农村对外面的世界一无所知,也不了解北京。在日本也有这样的现象,但因为地理上面积比较小,教育水平全国统一,这种差距就比中国小很多了。

也就是说,比起普通美国人对日本的了解,日本普通人更了解美国。美国能轻易拿下“孤立小姐”的名号。

 

Xiaoyang Zhang, PhD in Sociology, University of Essex
Answered Aug 20
It is interesting to say that this question is by itself an answer in some senses. Just take a look about all the answers it has, 3 out of all 6 answer writers have a special introduction besides their names highlighting that they are either from China (me) or have a relationship with China. No single answer is wrote either by Japanese or by a writer highlight his/her relationship with Japan.
Since Quora is somewhat an international website, I think this phenomenon are pretty self-evident to demonstrate the fact that China has much more connection than Japan.

有趣的是,问题本身就是答案了。看一下这里回答的,6个回答中,有三个说来自中国或与中国有关。没有一个是日本人,也没有一个强调和日本的关系。

Quora怎么说也是个国际性网站,我认为这种现象明显表现了中国比日本(与世界)有更多联系。

 

Taisho Mori (森 大正)
Answered Aug 19
Politically and economically speaking, neither is isolated. China is the biggest trading nation, Japan is in the top 5. Culturally speaking, definitely Japan. Japanese people have the island mentality. They are extremely self-centered and have little understanding and interest of the outside world. The number of Chinese students studying abroad in multiple foreign countries is several times higher than that of their Japanese counterparts. Chinese culture in general is more open and inclusive, while the Japanese is more closed and exclusive. While Japan is technically a Democracy and foreign media and companies are allowed to operate within Japan, it’s virtually impossible to find a foreign car on the streets in Japan, and virtually nobody watches foreign press, they limit themselves to Japan-made stuff only. Same cannot be said about China.

从政治和经济上讲,两国都不孤立。中国是最大的贸易国家,而日本排前五。文化上讲,明显是日本更与世隔绝。日本人有岛国心态。非常自我,对世界不了解也没兴趣。在众多国家学习的中国留学生数量比日本多出很多倍。

中国文化通常更开放更具包容性,而日本文化更封闭排外。说来,日本是个皿煮国家,允许外国媒体和公司在本国运营。但日本大街上不可能找出一辆外国车,也没人关注国外媒体。他们只把自己局限在日本制造的东西中。中国可不是这样。

 

Ray Comeau, A decade in China, interest in geopolitics
Answered Aug 15
What does isolated mean?
Neither is really isolated from the outside world.
Both have numbers of citizens who travel all over the world.
They may think and behave differently then the West.
Both prefer their culture to western culture.
Both prefer their native food to foreign food.
Both limit immigration.

隔绝的意思是什么?两个国家都不会真正地与世隔绝。两个国家都有大量公民在世界各地旅行。
他们或许言行举止和西方人不一样,比起西方文化更喜欢自己的本国文化,更喜欢本国美食而不是西方食物。两国都限制移民。

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