三泰虎

穿越北极,中国提出共建“冰上丝绸之路”

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China unveils vision for 'Polar Silk Road' across Arctic

BEIJING: China on Fridayoutlined its ambitions to extend Pre*re Belt and Road Initiative to the Arctic by developing shipping lanes opened up by global warming.

Releasing its first official Arctic policy white paper, China said it would encourage enterprises to build infrastructure and conduct commercial trial voyages, paving the way for Arctic shipping routes that would form a "Polar Silk Road".

"China hopes to work with all parties to build a 'Polar Silk Road' through developing the Arctic shipping routes," the paper, issued by the State Council Information Office, said.

China, despite being a non-Arctic state, is increasingly active in the polar region and became an observer member of the Arctic Council in 2013.

Among its increasing interests in the region is its major stake in Russia's Yamal liquefied natural gas project which is expected to supply China with four million tonnes of LNG a year, according to the state-run China Daily.

Shipping through the Northern Sea Route would shave almost 20 days off the regular time using the traditional route through the Suez Canal, the newspaper reported last month. COSCO Shipping has also previously sailed vessels through the Arctic's northeast passage.

China's increasing prominence in the region has prompted concerns from Arctic states over its long-term strategic objectives, including possible military deployment.

"Some people may have misgivings over our participation in the development of the Arctic, worried we may have other intentions, or that we may plunder resources or damage the environment," Vice-Foreign Minister Kong Xuanyou said at a briefing. "I believe these kinds of concerns are absolutely unnecessary."

The white paper said China also eyes development of oil, gas, mineral resources and other non-fossil energies, fishing and tourism in the region. It said it would do so "jointly with Arctic States, while respecting traditions and cultures of the Arctic residents including the indigenous peoples and conserving natural environment".

China's Belt and Road initiative aims to connect China to Europe, the Middle East and beyond via massive infrastructure projects across dozens of countries, reflecting Xi's desire for China to take on a more prominent global leadership role.

译文来源:三泰虎 http://jblasi.com/44209.html

中国推出穿越北极圈共建“冰上丝绸之路

本周五北京消息指出:随着全球变暖,中国要借助北极航道的开发利用,把“一带一路”倡议扩大到北极。中国首次发表北极政策白皮书,表示将鼓励企业参与北极航道基础设施建设,依法开展商业试航,稳步推进北极航道,共建一个“冰上丝绸之路”。

国务院新闻办公室同时还指出:“中国愿与各方共建“冰上丝绸之路”。

虽然中国不是北极国家,但它在北极地区日趋活跃,并于2013年成为北极理事会正式观察员。据官方媒体《中国日报》报道:中国对北极地区的兴趣日益增强还表现在俄罗斯亚马尔液态天然气项目预计每年向中国供应四百万吨液化天然气。

据报道,中远海运集团旗下的货轮有幸航行在这条航道上,实践证明,取道北极航线可将途经苏伊士运河的传统航线的运输时间缩短近20天。

中国在该地区日益突出促使北极国家担忧其长期战略目标,包括可能的军事部署。

“有人对我们参与北极开发可能还有一些疑虑,担心我们另有所图,或者掠夺资源、或者破坏环境,我觉得这种担心是完全没有必要的。”,外交部副部长孔铉佑在新闻发布会上进行了回复。

白皮书指出,中国愿参与开发该地区的石油、天然气、矿产资源,其他不可再生能源,渔业和旅游业。但是这些都基于“尊重北极国家的主权,尊重北极居民的传统和文化的包括土著人和保护自然环境”的基础上展开。

中国的一带一路倡议旨在连接中国和欧洲、中东和通过大规模基础设施项目连接更多的国家,此举反应了中国希望能承担更重要的全球领导角色。

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